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Sharing personal information brings people closer together. Verified by Psychology Today. Hide and Seek. Everyone Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape to Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape hankering after romantic love, but few of us realize that far from being timeless and universal, romantic love is in fact a modern construct, one that emerged in tandem with the novel.

These books, he wrote:. But there are many other ways to love, not all of which are consistent or consonant with romantic love. The seven types of love discussed below are loosely based on classical readings, especially of Plato and Aristotle, and on J.

Eros is sexual or passionate love, and is the type most akin to our modern construct of romantic love. Eros has also been contrasted with Logos, or Reason, and Cupid painted as a blindfolded child.

The Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape of philiaor friendshipis shared goodwill. Aristotle believed that a person can bear goodwill to another for one of three reasons: that he is useful; that he is pleasant; and, above all, that he is good, that is, rational and virtuous.

Friendships founded on goodness are associated not only with mutual benefit but also with companionship, dependability, and trust. For Plato, the best kind of friendship is that which lovers have for each other. It is a philia born out of erosand that in turn feeds back into eros to strengthen and develop it, transforming it from a lust for possession into a shared desire for a higher level of understanding of the self, the other, and the world.

In short, philia transforms eros from a lust for possession into an impulse for philosophy. It differs from most philia in that it tends, especially with younger children, to be unilateral or asymmetrical. More broadly, storge is the fondness born out of familiarity or dependency and, unlike eros or philiadoes not Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape on our Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape qualities.

People in the early stages of a romantic relationship often expect unconditional storgebut find only the need and dependency of erosand, if they are lucky, the maturity and fertility of philia. Given enough time, eros tends to mutate into storge. Agape is universal love, such as the love for strangers, nature, or God.

Unlike storg e, it does not depend on filiation or familiarity. Also called charity by Christian thinkers, agape can be said to encompass the modern concept of altruismdefined Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape unselfish concern for the welfare of others. Recent studies link altruism with a number of benefits. In the longer term, it is associated with better Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape and physical health, as well as longevity.

At a Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape level, altruism serves as a signal of cooperative intentions, and also of resource availability and so of mating or partnering potential. It also opens up a debt account, encouraging beneficiaries to reciprocate with gifts and favours that may be of much Exotic woman dress vintage value to us than those with which we feel able to part.

More generally, altruism, or agapehelps to build and maintain the psychological, social, and, indeed, environmental fabric that shields, sustains, and enriches us. Given Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape increasing anger and division in our society, and the state of our planet, we could all do with quite a bit more agape. Ludus is playful or uncommitted love.

It can involve activities such as teasing and dancing, or more overt flirtingseducing, and conjugating. The focus is on fun, and sometimes also on conquest, with no strings attached.

Ludus Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape are casual, undemanding, and uncomplicated but, for all that, can be very long-lasting.

Nude asian girl movies works best when both parties are mature and self-sufficient. Problems arise when one party mistakes ludus for eroswhereas ludus is in fact much more compatible with philia.

Sexual attraction takes a back seat in favour of personal qualities and compatibilities, shared goalsand making it work. In the days of arranged marriages, pragma must have been very common. Although unfashionable, it remains widespread, most Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape in certain high-profile celebrity and political pairings.

Many relationships that start off as eros or ludus end up as various combinations of storge and pragma. Pragma may seem opposed to ludusbut the two can co-exist, with the one providing a counterpoint to the other.

In the best of cases, the partners in the pragma relationship agree to turn a blind eye—or even a sympathetic eye, as in the case of Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre, or Vita Sackville-West and Harold Nicholson. Philautia is self-love, which can be healthy or unhealthy.

Unhealthy self-love is akin to hubris. In Ancient Greece, a person could be accused of hubris if he placed himself above the gods, or, like certain modern politicians, above the greater good. Many believed that hubris led to destruction, or nemesis. As it disregards truth, hubris promotes injustice, conflict, and enmity. Healthy self-love is akin to self-esteemwhich is our cognitive and, above all, emotional appraisal of our own worth relative to that of others.

More than that, it is the matrix through which we think, feel, and act, and reflects and determines our relation to ourselves, to others, and to the world. Self-esteem and self-confidence do not always go hand in hand.

In particular, it is possible to be highly self-confident and yet to have profoundly low self-esteem, as is the case with many performers and celebrities. People with high self-esteem do not need to prop themselves up with externals such as income, status, or notoriety, or lean on crutches such as alcoholdrugs, or sex.

They are able to invest themselves completely in projects and people because they do not fear failure or rejection. Of course they suffer hurt and disappointment, but their setbacks neither damage nor diminish them. Owing to their resiliencethey are Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape to growth experiences and relationships, tolerant of risk, quick to joy and delight, and accepting and forgiving of themselves and others. In closing, there is, of course, a kind of porosity between the seven types of love, which keep on seeping and passing into one another.

For Plato, love aims at beautiful and good things, because Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape possession of beautiful and good things is called happinessand happiness is an end-in-itself.

Of all beautiful and good things, the best, most beautiful, and most dependable is truth or wisdomwhich is why Plato called love not a god but a philosopher:. Find Neel on Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape and Facebook. I wouldn't use the words Eros and love in the same sentence. Infatuation or "falling in love" have nothing in common. Infatuation is about what the other person can do for you, you want the other person because they make you feel great. Love flows the opposite way, it is about giving.

I wish people would stop confusing infatuation for love. It's obvious Mark, that you have never "fallen in love" because yes real love does have a degree of infatuation with it! The trick is allowing that infatuation or Eros to grow into something more deeper and profound. Hope you get to experience it. Lisa, I'm sorry you can't grasp the nuance of my argument. I've "fallen in love" many times and yes, sometimes it can lead to actual love but there is a huge difference between infatuation and real love, the two are actually opposites, infatuation is what you can do for me selfishactual love is about what I can do for you selfless.

Sorry Mature nylon porn pics not making that clearer in my original post. There are many elements to deep and genuine love, and selfless giving is definitely essential. However to have a very strong physical attraction, call it infatuation, definitely doesn't get in the Tethered spinal cord syndrome causes in adults to achieving deep and long term spiritual bonding.

Mark, "Falling in love" and " "infatuation" are the same things dude! They can lead to deeper more profound love, however that's not guaranteed. Infatuation and falling in love both encompass that end all, overwhelming feeling of being completely enthralled with another person. I agree that in common usage the terms are interchangeable but we really should remove the word "love" from such a completely selfish endeavour such as infatuation.

A good book to read to get started understanding the difference is Erich Fromm's classic "The Art of Loving". But Philautia was not mentioned, however Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape obsessive love was listed. It was a very old book I found at the Lifeline Bookfest.

I'd say that Mania definitely shouldn't be classified as any type of love, even if someone in the throes of obsession might believe that they're in love though it wasn't included in the above articlebut at least Eros has the potential to develop into the kind of love that's about giving, e. Philia or Storge. I ever acquainted myself with eros in my youth and as i thought it was endless i ended up abusing it. Pragma seemed like it was droll and mundane but know i see the wisdom of learning to appreciate the essentials to a structured and well balanced life.

Though not as intense as eros the other forms of love do add color to my life as i meditate on them. Im not as arrogant as i once was. I was trying to figure out what Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape of love exists between man and cat.

It is not sexual, and ideally it does not involve dominance. It seems closest to storge, but doesn't fit that exactly. There is also the Greek concept of philotimo fee-loh-TEE-moh a deeply rich and complex idea which means, in its most basic definition, "love of honor. The term was used extensively in the teachings of the Blessed Elder Paisios Aristotle greek kinds love eros agape the the Holy Mountain, recently Saint Paisios of Athos, who reposed in My other comment is that good and long marriages are those that embrace and exhibit all of these kinds of love, evolving, growing, and strengthening.

If one were to arrange the kinds of love in an order of bearing fruit -- as in planting a seed at birth which will grow into a good life -- the foundation of all is agape love -- unconditional love.

If we are given unconditional love at the foundation of life -- or we learn to receive it later on-- great goodness and Philotimo results. Thank you Neel for breaking it down the way you have in this article. Love is different and using just one word for it can be confusing or misleading.

I'll be looking into more of your writings. Thanks again! Great question! In the Greek, there are a number of words which encompass the love of God. One is Philokalia, which is a love of all things holy. It is also the title of a seminal collection of the writings and teachings of the great spiritual teachers of the Eastern Orthodox Church, from the 4th through the 15th centuries, published in


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